MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 245, 2018International Scientific Conference on Energy, Environmental and Construction Engineering (EECE-2018)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||05 December 2018|
Design criteria for novel supersonic nozzles with high pitch-chord ratio
Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, 195251 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
High pitch-chord ratio turbine stages are a novel class of high enthalpy drop impulse turbines. Significant limitation of traditional design approach for such turbines is a low partial admission rate due to low volumetric flow rates. The main idea of high pitch-chord ratio design is in increase of the stage load coefficient with decrease of the flow angles. The latter allows to provide higher partial admission rate and, hence, higher stage efficiency compared with the traditional design approach. As a consequence, efficiency of the high pitch-chord ratio stages varies between 65% and 75%, whereas partially admitted stages efficiency tend not to exceed 60%. High pitch-chord ratio nozzles have a rectangular cross section. This feature leads to a vortex pair occurrence in a nozzle flow path. An interaction of these vortices for transand supersonic stages leads to additional losses and comparably low nozzle efficiency. The present paper aimed at first, establishing the design criteria which are essential for the nozzle efficiency, and, second, finding the optimal ratios of the proposed criteria. CFD simulation approach is used for the study. The gained deliverables are helpful for increasing of the nozzle velocity ratio.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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