MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 149, 20182nd International Congress on Materials & Structural Stability (CMSS-2017)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Session 1 : Materials & Pathologies|
|Published online||14 February 2018|
Alkali leaching control of construction and demolition waste based geopolymers
National Technical University of Athens, School of Chemical Engineering, Athens, Greece
This study regards the synthesis of waste brick geopolymers and the evaluation of their alkali leaching potential. Geopolymers with varied alkali to Al molar ratios were prepared and their alkali leaching potential was measured. In order to improve the efflorescence of the waste brick geopolymers, KOH was used instead of NaOH in the activation solution, Ca cations were incorporated through the partial substitution of the brick powder by ground granulated blast furnace slag or extra Al was introduced in the activation solution. The results showed that the leachability of the products is close related to the alkali content of the activation solution while the use of K ions in the starting mixtures reduced the leachability potential. The same effect was observed in the case of the extra Al ions incorporation. The partial substitution of the wastes bricks by slag showeda slight increase of leachability even though denser materials with enhanced strengths were prepared.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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