MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 148, 2018International Conference on Engineering Vibration (ICoEV 2017)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Vibration and Control in Downhole Drilling Processes|
|Published online||02 February 2018|
Stick-slip and Torsional Friction Factors in Inclined Wellbores
International Research Institute of Stavanger (IRIS), Oslo, Norway
2 DrillWell - Drilling and well centre for improved recovery, Stavanger, Norway
3 University of Calgary, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Calgary, Canada
Stick slip is usually considered a phenomenon of bit-rock interaction, but is also often observed in the field with the bit off bottom. In this paper we present a distributed model of a drill string with an along-string Coulomb stiction to investigate the effect of borehole inclination and borehole friction on the incidence of stick-slip. This model is validated with high frequency surface and downhole data and then used to estimate static and dynamic friction.
A derivation of the torsional drill string model is shown and includes the along-string Coulomb stiction of the borehole acting on the string and the ‘velocity weakening’ between static and dynamic friction. The relative effects of these two frictions is investigated and the resulting drillstring behavior is presented. To isolate the effect of the along-string friction from the bit-rock interaction, field data from rotational start-ups after a connection (with bit off bottom) is considered. This high frequency surface and downhole data is then used to validate the surface and downhole behavior predicted by the model.
The model is shown to have a good match with the surface and downhole behavior of two deviated wellbores for depths ranging from 1500 to 3000 meters. In particular, the model replicates the amplitude and period of the oscillations, in both the topside torque and the downhole RPM, as caused by the along-string stick slip. It is further shown that by using the surface behavior of the drill-string during rotational startup, an estimate of the static and dynamic friction factors along the wellbore can be obtained, even during stick-slip oscillations, if axial tension in the drillstring is considered. This presents a possible method to estimate friction factors in the field when off-bottom stick slip is encountered, and points in the direction of avoiding stick slip through the design of an appropriate torsional start-up procedure without the need of an explicit friction test.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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