MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 148, 2018International Conference on Engineering Vibration (ICoEV 2017)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Vibration and Control in Downhole Drilling Processes|
|Published online||02 February 2018|
Small-Scale Drilling Test Rig For Investigation of Axial Excitation On The Drilling Process
National Oilwell Varco, Conroe, Texas, United States
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
This paper describes the design, construction and operation of a small-scale drilling rig for the purpose of investigation of the effect of axial excitation on the drilling process. The rig is bench top in size and has been designed to drill small rock samples, whilst at the same allowing axial excitation to be induced into the drilling process. The rig has been designed to drill the rock without any drilling fluids – so allowing improved observation of the chip generation process. Additionally, the drilling weight on bit is applied via masses, so allowing greater representation of the dynamic behavior of the drilling process – i.e. capturing more natural frequencies. The results from the rig have been obtained over two frequency ranges – low frequency (0-50 Hz) and high frequency (50-250 Hz). Results show that improved rate of penetration is obtained with axial excitation – with low and high frequency optima occurring. These optima can be related to the behavior of the string in the two frequency ranges – in the low frequency range, the entire string acts in unison; whereas at high frequency, only the bit/rock system is active. As a result, it is concluded that for low frequency operation, only information about the drill string is required to optimize performance; whereas for high frequency operation, information about the bit/rock system is required to optimize performance. Observation of the chip generation process via high speed video has shown that during axial excitation, regular shaped bricks are ejected when compared with the typical wedge- shaped chips that are normally ejected during the drilling process. It is concluded that, during the axial excitation process, the chips are being ejected via a levering action, so allowing a more efficient and quicker process. MIT  provided background classes, project guidance and project review as part of an NOV/MIT advanced technology program. Larger scale lab tests and/or field tests are required to verify/validate these conclusions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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