MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 147, 2018The Third International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure and Built Environment (SIBE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Water Resources Engineering and Management|
|Published online||22 January 2018|
Study of the Relation between Sediment Characteristics and Multiphase Flow to the Presence of Sediment Oxygen Demand (SOD) in Open Channels
Department of Environmental Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No.10 Bandung 40132, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
A laboratory study was conducted with the aim to determine the correlation between sediment characteristics and multiphase flow analysis of carrier fluid to the presence of SOD. Six sediment samples were tested on their physical and chemical characteristics along with particle size distribution of sediments to find the indication of oxygen consumption and to classify the soil sediment class. For multiphase flow analysis, there were two transition velocities calculated: the transition between a pseudo-homogenous flow and a heterogeneous flow and the limit deposit velocities at the onset of solid particle bed. The SOD test was done in laboratory-scale by using a 600-mL reactor. According to tests, the amount of organic carbon content (TOC) in the samples were ranging from 34.58 to 81.27%, with the sediments’ textures categorised as silt loam, silty clay loam, and sand. In the channels, heterogeneous flow occurred in two channel segments, while the other segments’ regime was classified as homogeneous flow. The obtained SOD values were varied from 0.2427 to 0.8487 g/m2/day with K3 values obtained ranged from 8.6537 to 12.4028 m-1. Based on all analysis, the organic characteristic of sediment holds a key role in the presence of SOD value.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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