MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 140, 20172017 International Conference on Emerging Electronic Solutions for IoT (ICEESI 2017)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||11 December 2017|
The Performance Analysis of K-Nearest Neighbors (K-NN) Algorithm for Motor Imagery Classification Based on EEG Signal
School of Computer and Communication Engineering, UniMAP, 02600 Arau, Perlis
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Most EEG–based motor imagery classification research focuses on the feature extraction phase of machine learning, neglecting the crucial part for accurate classification which is the classification. In contrast, this paper concentrates on the classifier development where it thoroughly studies the performance analysis of k-Nearest Neighbour (k-NN) classifier on EEG data. In the literature, the Euclidean distance metric is routinely applied for EEG data classification. However, no thorough study has been conducted to evaluate the effect of other distance metrics to the classification accuracy. Therefore, this paper studies the effectiveness of five distance metrics of k-NN: Manhattan, Euclidean, Minkowski, Chebychev and Hamming. The experiment shows that the distance computations that provides the highest classification accuracy is the Minkowski distance with 70.08%. Hence, this demonstrates the significant effect of distance metrics to the k-NN accuracy where the Minknowski distance gives higher accuracy compared to the Euclidean. Our result also shows that the accuracy of k-NN is comparable to Support Vector Machine (SVM) with lower complexity for EEG classification.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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