MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 130, 2017The International Conference on Composite Material, Polymer Science and Engineering (CMPSE2017)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Composites of cotton, silk and polymer|
|Published online||25 October 2017|
The Influence of Annealing Process on Crystallinity and Structural Properties of Cotton/Spandex Fabric
1 Hubei Provincial Engineering Laboratory for Clean Production and High Value Utilization of Bio-based Textile Materials, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430073, China
2 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430073, China
3 Research Institute of Flexible Materials, School of Textiles & Design, Heriot-Watt University, Galashiels TD1 3HF, UK
4 Engineering Research Centre for Clean Production of Textile Dyeing and Printing, Ministry of Education, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430073, China
5 College of Textile Science and Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430200, China
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This research aims to elucidate the crystallinity, structural and mechanical properties of cotton/spandex knitted fabric after conducting heat setting i.e., annealing process with optimized condition for the first time. Experimental results disclosed that, crystallinity index (CI) (%) of heat-treated cotton/spandex were increased with increased temperature and also mechanical properties i.e., tensile strength was improved as the temperature rose from 120 to 140°C and decreased with augmenting temperature ranges, which is in good agreement with the findings of CI % through X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. The attendance of cellulose dehydration was further confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra in order to observe the structural integrity.
© The authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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