MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 117, 2017RSP 2017 – XXVI R-S-P Seminar 2017 Theoretical Foundation of Civil Engineering
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||24 July 2017|
Capture of Air by a Water Stream at Coupling of Sites of a Non-Pressure Collector with a Large Level Difference
1 Moscow state university of civil engineering, Yaroslavskoye shosse, 26, Moscow, Russia, 129337
2 Volgograd State Technical University, 28, Prospect imeni V.I. Lenina, Volgograd, 400005, Russia
3 Water Problem Institute RAS, 3, Gubkina str., Moscow, 119333, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article considers the modeling of aeration of water masses by water jets falling on the surface in order to improve the quality of water from surface water sources. The mechanism of the aeration process is described when a turbulent non-crushed jet falls onto the water surface. Calculated analytical and experimental studies of air entrapment by cylindrical jets falling into the water made at the Department of Hydraulics of MSUCE made it possible to obtain a universal dimensionless dependence, suitable for describing the process of air entrapment in various conditions. The results of experimental verification of this dependence are presented, as well as the results of simulation of air entrainment in specific conditions of the collector chamber when its sections are mated to a large level difference. The results of mathematical simulation of the release of air-gas inclusions from the water flow at the lower part of the collector are presented. The volumetric flow rate of the air-gas mixture in the collector below the collector chamber is identified. Estimated calculation of the parameters of the deaeration of the water flow: the length, time and the rate of ascent of air bubbles, is executed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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