MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 116, 20176th International Scientific Conference “Reliability and Durability of Railway Transport Engineering Structures and Buildings” (Transbud-2017)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Construction Materials, Protection and Repair of Structures and Buildings|
|Published online||10 July 2017|
The role of chemical admixtures in the formation of the structure of cement stone
Kharkiv National University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Department of Physical and Chemical Mechanics and Technologies of Building Materials and Products, Sumska st. 40, 61002 Kharkiv, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The influence of sulfates and carbonates of potassium and sodium on the character of the formation of the microstructure of cement stone was studied. The role of cations in the structure formation of cement stone is shown. The efficiency of chemical additives, hardening accelerators, was estimated from the ratio of the volumes of gel and capillary micropores. The ratio of gel and capillary pores allows to determine the efficiency coefficient of the action of chemical additives. It is shown that the potassium carbonate for Portland cement is the most effective additive for hardening in terms of microstructure modification, and potassium sulfate for slag Portland cement.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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