MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 114, 20172017 International Conference on Mechanical, Material and Aerospace Engineering (2MAE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Chapter 3: Aerospace|
|Published online||10 July 2017|
Noise Generation of a Bionic Airfoil Based on Owl Wings
College of Automotive Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun, 130022, P. R. China
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
A bionic airfoil is used to investigate a preliminary understanding of the noise mechanism generated by the flow around the owl wing. The flow indicates a transitional separation bubble on the surface and the turbulent boundary layer reattaches at the downstream end of the bubble. This causes turbulent boundary layer trailing-edge scattering noise corresponding to the broadband noise of owl wings at low Reynolds numbers. Furthermore, a large-scale vortex detaches from the bubble and then drifts downstream. Thus, a tone will be generated by the vortex shedding. However, the computations of the acoustic field for both cases, where the on-body data surface and the off-body data surface are used respectively, predominantly verify the broadband nature of the noise that well agrees with the noise scattering caused by the turbulent boundary layer passing by the sharp trailing edge. Furthermore, the significant decrease of the spectra around 2k Hz is consistent with that of silent owl wings. This fact suggests that the numerical simulations are capturing the basic physical mechanism responsible for the noise radiated by the natural owl wing. This might be able to provide a reference for engineering applications of the owl technology.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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