MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 108, 20172017 International Conference on Mechanical, Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering (ICMAA 2017)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Material Analysis and Processing|
|Published online||31 May 2017|
Experimental Analyses for The Mechanical Behavior of Pressed All-Ceramic Molar Crowns with Anatomical Design
1 Department of Dental Prostheses Technology, School of Dentistry, V. Babeş University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 9 Revolutiei 1989 Blv., 300041 Timişoara, Romania
2 Department of Oral Rehabilitation, School of Dentistry, V. Babeş University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 9 Revolutiei 1989 Blv., 300041 Timişoara, Romania
3 Department Mechanics and Vibrations, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Politehnica University, 1 Mihai Viteazu Street, 300222 Timisoara, Romania
Ceramic restorations show considerable variation in strength and structural reliability regarding to the type of material, and design characteristics. The fracture of ceramics occurs with little or no plastic deformation, with cracks propagated in an unstable manner under applied tensile stresses. The aim of the study was to assess experimental analyses of pressed monolithic ceramic crowns with anatomical design used in the posterior areas in order to understand their mechanical behavior before following their clinical use. Experiments were conducted on a complete molar crown preparation. Experiments show different modes of fracture for the tested samples. Digital images from the fractured pieces of the crowns were used to verify the fragments in all cases final fracture occurred by splitting into two and often more parts. The graphically representation of the displacement depending on the load highlights a series of peaks that can be correlated with cracks occurred in crowns. The development of well-designed mechanical experiments could be useful to help to predict clinical survival of these new all-ceramic restorative techniques and materials. Because failure is often accompanied by complete cracking of the crowns, preliminary research should represents a compulsory goal.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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