MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 107, 2017Dynamics of Civil Engineering and Transport Structures and Wind Engineering – DYN-WIND’2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||24 May 2017|
Pedestrian load models of footbridges
Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Mechanics, Thákurova 7, Praha 6, CZ-166 29, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The increase of vibration problems in modern footbridges shows that footbridges should no longer be designed for static loads only. Not only natural frequencies but also damping properties and pedestrian loading determine the dynamic response of footbridges and design tools should consider all of these factors. In this paper the pedestrian load models for serviceability verification of footbridges, which are missing in the current European codes, are presented. For simplicity reasons the proposed pedestrian load models are based on stationary pulsating loads instead of moving pulsating loads. It is shown that simplified procedure can be used in verification of the serviceability limit state related to vibration due to pedestrians. Footbridge vibrations don’t cause usually structural problems, but if the vibration behaviour does not satisfy the comfort criteria, changes in the design or damping devices could be considered. The most popular external damping devices are viscous dampers and tuned mass dampers (TMD). The efficiency of TMD is demonstrated on the example of a footbridge prone to vibrations induced by pedestrians. It is shown that if the TMD is tuned quite precisely the reduction of accelerations can be very significant.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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