MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 101, 2017Sriwijaya International Conference on Engineering, Science and Technology (SICEST 2016)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Emerging Concepts in Chemical Process & Energy Engineering|
|Published online||09 March 2017|
Bio-coal briquettes made from South Sumatera low rank coal and palm shell charcoal for using in small industries
1 Mechanical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Sriwijaya University, 30139 Palembang, Indonesia
2 Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Sriwijaya University, 30139 Palembang, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The objective of this study is to blend the South Sumatera low rank coal and palm shell charcoal for producing bio-coal briquettes which have better fuel properties. The experimental study for making bio-coal briquettes was carried out to examine the effect of raw material composition and binder type on the quality of the briquettes produced. A screw conveyor machine equipped with a three blade stirred and designed with the length of 40 cm, mixing process diameter of 10 cm and the capacity of 2 kg bio-coal briquettes per hour was used to produce bio-coal briquettes ready to use in small industries. Proxymate analyses of the South Sumatera low rank coal, palm shell charcoals and bio-coal briquettes were conducted in accordance with the American Society of Testings and Materials (ASTM) standards and the calorific value was determined by using a Bomb calorimeter. The experimental results showed that the calorific value of bio-coal briquette was greatly influenced by the raw material composition and the binder type. The highest calorific value was 6438 (cal/g) at the sampel of SSC65-PSC20-B15(2).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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