Numerical Investigation of the Air Flow Effects on Amorphous Alloy Ribbon Formation
Energy Engineering Institute, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
During the amorphous ribbon production process, the mechanisms that cause uneven thickness and herringbone on two surfaces of the ribbon are very complicated. The high velocity rotating roller causes periodic air eddies near the surface and air flow around the contact zone. The air flow might be the major reason that causes the non-uniformity thickness and the ripples. In this paper, a two-dimension model was developed to simulate the air flow eddies and a three-dimensional simulation was performed for the air flow field around the puddle zone. Simulation results show that the higher velocity of air flow around the puddle edges is closely related to thicker ribbon rim. The continuous air eddies along the roller surface and the air flow fluctuations along the roller width are the major reasons causing non-uniform convective heat transfer during ribbon solidification. The frequency of air eddy matches well with the nominal ripple frequency along the ribbon length, and the air flow fluctuation coincides with the herringbone wavelength along the ribbon width. The influences of the air flow on cooling, ribbon thickness, and herringbone phenomena are all discussed here.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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