Intrinsic Safety Evaluation for Urban Road Traffic Based on Information Entropy and Triangular Fuzzy Number
1 Beijing Institute of Technology, School of Mechanical Engineering, 100081, Beijing, China
2 Tian Jin University of Technology and education, School of Automobile and Transportation line, 300222, Tianjin, China
Road traffic safety is a major problem, especially in low-and middle-income countries. This study attempted to evaluate traffic safety based on the concept of intrinsic safety, which can provide theoretical support for the road traffic management departments. The evaluation weight calculation about the pre-weight of the second level evaluation index based on the information entropy, and then calculates the final weight by combing qualitative and quantitative methods. The weight of the third level evaluation index using the triangular fuzzy number method. In order to verify the effectiveness and feasibility of the method via a case study. by computing the proportions of evaluation indexes based on the model, we found that the ranking is intrinsic human>intrinsic road and environment>intrinsic vehicle. However, the gap about the proportion of the three is small. Furthermore, the sub factors ranking influencing factors as follows: the human's alertness = road and the environment’s completeness>vehicle’s technical>human’s self-consciousness >natural conditions >vehicle’s maintenance. Given the objectivity of the model in the paper, especially using the entropy weight method to calculate the weight of the index factors. The result of the evaluation for the model is similar with current situation of road traffic safety, thus, it can be taken as a valuable reference to promoting the traffic safety. So it can provide theoretical basis for urban road transport departments to formulate relevant policies.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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