Congestion Characteristics of Interrupted Flow for Urban Roads with Heterogeneous Traffic Structure
1 Malviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur - 302 017, India
2 Rajasthan Urban Infrastructure Finance Development Corporation, Jaipur - 302 017, India
Traffic congestion is a severe trepidation to transportation engineers for its unrestrained growth and consequential losses. This paper presents congestion models and speed-flow analysis for urban roads with interrupted flow comprising of heterogeneous structure of traffic. Models have been developed for heterogeneous traffic under constraints of roadway geometry, vehicle characteristics, driving behaviour and traffic controls. The growth of congestion with flow in unsaturated and oversaturated states of flow has been analysed and quantified. The congestion model developed in this paper shows that there exist different regions of congestion- flow behaviour that can be characterized by different rate of change of congestion and the severity of congestion becomes tremendous for oversaturated flows. Different levels of service have been proposed to define operating conditions using more realistic parameter ‘congestion’.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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