MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 364, 2022International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (ICCRRR 2022)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Developments in Concrete Material Technology, Assessment and Processing|
|Published online||30 September 2022|
Influence of alkali content and silica modulus on the carbonation kinetics of alkali-activated slag concrete
Department of materials, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Zagreb, Croatia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Carbonation is inevitable process during the service life of concrete structures, where CO2 causes decalcification of the calcium-bearing phases. These changes affect the durability of concrete and accelerate the corrosion of reinforcement. Alkali-activated materials (AAMs) are alternative, cement-free binders based on aluminosilicate rich precursor and alkaline activator. The interest in AAMs increased during the last century, due to the production process with low CO2 footprint comparing to Portland cement (PC) concrete, the possibility to use wide range of industrial by-products as precursors and comparable performance to PC concrete. Despite the extensive research in this field, the carbonation resistance of AAMs needs to be better understood, due to the differences and complexity of binder chemistry compared to PC concrete. The propagation of carbonation process will depend on chemical composition of the precursors and the type and dosage of activators. This paper presents the results of microstructural changes of three alkali-activated concrete mixes after exposure to accelerated carbonation. Ground granulated blast furnace slag was used as a precursor and sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate as activators. Three mixes have constant water to binder ratio and slag content, while alkali content and silica modulus were varied. The carbonation resistance was evaluated by testing carbonation depth after 7 and 28 days of exposure in carbonation chamber. Microstructural changes during carbonation were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis and mercury intrusion porosimetry.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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