MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 364, 2022International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (ICCRRR 2022)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting - Service Life Extension: Methods and Materials|
|Published online||30 September 2022|
The environmental impact of service life-extending repair for corrosion damaged reinforced concrete balconies: a case study in a coastal context
Energy and Materials in Infrastructure and Buildings (EMIB), University of Antwerp, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium
2 Durable Building in Team (DuBiT), Department of Industrial Sciences&Technology, Odisee University College, 9320 Aalst, Belgium
3 Unit Sustainable Materials Management, Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), 2400 Mol, Belgium
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Nowadays a vast number of concrete structures are approaching the end of their expected service life. The need for sustainable rehabilitation (maintenance and repair) is urgent and due to the expected deterioration of buildings and civil structures, there will be a great need for preventive and/or curative interventions in the near future. More than 2/3 of the damage to reinforced concrete structures is linked to reinforcement corrosion, which can affect the durability of the structure and the residual load-bearing capacity. With the necessary transition towards a circular economy and the Sustainable Development Goals in mind, it is important to deviate from considering only the technical requirements and initial costs during the design of concrete structures. Hence, the environmental impact over the entire life cycle and the intended service life extension need to be considered as well. A typical residential building in a Belgian coastal environment with damaged reinforced concrete balconies is selected as case study to evaluate different frequently used repair techniques (i.e. patch repair, conventional repair, galvanic cathodic protection, impressed current cathodic protection and total replacement) by means of a life cycle assessment. Several sensitivities are mapped by analysing the influence of the intended service life extension, the volume and configuration of the construction, the repair mortar composition and the application of coating/waterproofing. It was stressed that these uncertainties could have a substantial effect on the environmental impact and highlight the domains where further research is needed (e.g. assumed life span and composition of repairs). Due to this manner, it is not possible to identify one environmental optimal repair method. However, for a short service life extension (e.g. 5y) small interventions like patch repair seem to be more sustainable while methods like cathodic protection and conventional repair are preferable for longer service life extensions (e.g. 40y).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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