MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 342, 20219th edition of the International Multidisciplinary Symposium “UNIVERSITARIA SIMPRO 2021”: Quality and Innovation in Education, Research and Industry – the Success Triangle for a Sustainable Economic, Social and Environmental Development”
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Advances in Safety Science and Occupational Risk Management|
|Published online||20 July 2021|
Numerical modelling of hydrogen release and dispersion
National Institute for Research and Development in Mine Safety and Protection to Explosion – INSEMEX, 32-34 G-ral Vasile Milea Street, 332047, Petrosani, Hunedoara county, Romania
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Hydrogen is the most abundant element on earth, being a low polluting and high efficiency fuel that can be used for various applications, such as power generation, heating or transportation. As a reaction to climate change, authorities are working for determining the most promising applications for hydrogen, one of the best examples of crossborder initiative being the IPCEI (Important Project of Common European Interest) on Hydrogen, under development at EU level. Given the large interest for future uses of hydrogen, special safety measures have to be implemented for avoiding potential accidents. If hydrogen is stored and used under pressure, accidental leaks from pressure vessels may result in fires or explosions. Worldwide, researchers are investigating possible accidents generated by hydrogen leaks. Special attention is granted to the atmospheric dispersion after the release, so that to avoid fires or explosions. The use of consequence modelling software within safety and risk studies has shown its’ utility worldwide. In this paper, there are modelled the consequences of the accidental release and atmospheric dispersion of hydrogen from a pressure tank, using state-of-the-art QRA software. The simulation methodology used in this paper uses the “leak” model for carrying out discharge calculations. This model calculates the release rate and state of the gas after its expansion to atmospheric pressure. Accidental release of hydrogen is modelled by taking into account the process and meteorological conditions and the properties of the release point. Simulation results can be used further for land use planning, or may be used for establishing proper protection measures for surrounding facilities. In this work, we analysed two possible accident scenarios which may occur at an imaginary hydrogen refuelling station, accidents caused by the leaks of the pressure vessel, with diameters of 10 and 20 mm, for a pressure tank filled with hydrogen at 35 MPa / 70 MPa. Process Hazard Analysis Software Tool 8.4 has been used for assessing the effects of the scenarios and for evaluating the hazardous extent around the analysed installation. Accident simulation results have shown that the leak size has an important effect on the flammable/explosive ranges. Also, the jet fire’s influence distance is strongly influenced by the pressure and actual size of the accidental release.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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