MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 330, 2020International Conference on Materials & Energy (ICOME’19)
|Number of page(s)||3|
|Published online||01 December 2020|
Mechanical behaviour of Composites based on Diss and Aflfa fibres in different matrices
1 Laboratoire des Mines, Département de Génie Civil, Université Larbi Tebessi, Tebessa 12000, Algérie*.
2 Laboratoire de Génie Civil, Université Badji Mokhtar de Annaba, BP 12 Annaba, 23000, Algérie
3 Laboratoire des Technologies Innovantes, Département de Génie Civil, IUT Université Picardie Jules Verne, Avanue des facultés Amiens 80025 Cedex 1 France
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The use of natural fibers in cementitious matrices has an incompatibility, which results considerable retardation of setting and very low resistances during the composite tests with natural crushed Diss, despite the fact that the fibers have considerable tensile strengths, because of the sugars and water- soluble components contained in natural plants. To improve the fibers contribution in cementitious composites, we have carried out a treatment by boiling the natural fibers to extract the substances responsible for the bad connection between fibers and the cement paste. This phenomenon of incompatibility disappears with the use of clay matrix or lime, which allows using the fibers without any treatment. We were able to determine the mechanical behavior of composites in flexion and compression by measuring stresses and deformations. Through our vast experimental program on the composites of natural fibers of Alfa and Diss in different matrices (cement and clay) and different sizes ranging from 2 to 8 cm, we have found: 1) The best resistance in bending and compression are generally reached for the composites with fibers having the dimensions between 4 and 6 cm. 2) The best bending strengths are achieved for composites with cementitious matrices, because of the good adhesion of the fibers to the matrix. 3) The best compressive strengths are achieved for clay matrix composites, which are due to the good compressibility of the clay. 4) The composites of Alfa and Diss fibers presented a very ductile behavior as well in flexion as in compression, contrary to the pure binder paste which has a brittle behavior. 5) The composites obtained have a very low density, which makes it possible to classify them as lightweight materials and have a very ductile behavior, which suggests using these materials as filling in the seismic zones.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.