MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 330, 2020International Conference on Materials & Energy (ICOME’19)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||01 December 2020|
Study of fouling in graphite blocks (cross flow) heat exchanger of phosphoric acid concentration process
1 Research Laboratory "Process, Energy, Environment & Electrical Systems", National Engineering School of Gabes, Tunisia
2 CMGPCE Laboratory, French Institute of Refrigeration (IFFI), National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts(CNAM), Paris, France
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Fouling in phosphoric acid concentration process of preheat exchangers is a chronic operational problem that compromises energy recovery in these systems. Progress is hindered by the lack of quantitative knowledge of the dynamic effects of fouling on heat exchanger transfer. The subject of this work is an experimental determination of the thermal fouling resistance in the graphite blocks heat exchanger installed in a phosphoric acid concentration process. By measuring the inlet and outlet temperatures and mass flows of fluids, the overall heat transfer coefficient has been determined. Determining the overall heat transfer coefficient for the heat exchanger with clean and fouled surfaces, the fouling resistance was calculated. The results obtained from the heat exchanger studied, show that the fouling resistance increase with time presenting an exponential evolution in agreement with the model suggested by Kern and Seaton, with the existence of fluctuation caused by the instability of the flow rate and the temperature. Bad cleaning of the heat exchanger involves the absence of the induction period and consequently, causes high values of the fouling resistance and of the deposit fouling during a relatively short period of time.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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