MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 330, 2020International Conference on Materials & Energy (ICOME’19)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||01 December 2020|
Effect of magnetic field on nanofluid free convection in Conical Partially Annular Space
1 Laboratoire de Physique Quantique de la Matière et Modélisation Mathématique (LPQ3M), Université Mustapha Stambouli de Mascara, Algeria
2 Department of mechanical engineering, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq
3 Department of Mechanical engineering, University of Najaf, Iraq
4 Laboratoire énergétique de Longwy (FJV/LERMAB), Université de Lorraine, France
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Natural convection of a magneto hydrodynamic nanofluid in a porous cavity in the presence of a magnetic field is investigated. The two vertical side walls are held isothermally at temperatures Th and Tc, while the horizontal walls of the outer cone are adiabatic. The governing equations obtained with the Boussinesq approximation are solved using Comsol Multiphysics finite element analysis and simulation software. Impact of Rayleigh number (Ra), Hartmann number (Ha) and nanofluid volume fraction (ϕ) are depicted. Results indicated that temperature gradient increases considerably with enhance of Ra and ϕ but it reduces with increases of Ha.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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