MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 326, 2020The 17th International Conference on Aluminium Alloys 2020 (ICAA17)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Casting & Solidification, Recycling, Fundamentals of Additive Manufacturing|
|Published online||05 November 2020|
Microstructure and mechanical properties of high-manganese-containing high-speed twin-roll cast Al-Mn-Si alloy strips and their cold-rolled sheets
1 Graduate student, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, Japan
2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, Japan
3 Product Research and Development Dept., Mitsubishi Aluminum Co.,Ltd, 85 Hiramatsu Susono-city, Shizuoka, Japan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Al-Mn based alloys with high-manganese content are expected to have improved mechanical properties due to solid solution hardening and/or dispersion hardening. However, the increase of Mn solubility of the alloy is difficult by using the conventional DC casting. In order to solve this problem, in the present study, we focused on the twin-roll casting method which is characterized by high cooling rates. Several kinds of high Mn-containing Al-Mn-Si alloy strips were fabricated by using a vertical-type high-speed twin-roll caster equipped with a pair of water-cooled copper rolls. Direct temperature measurement of the liquid melt during the casting was also performed. The alloy strips of various compositions containing up to 4 Mn and 2 Si (wt%) were successfully obtained. By observing the microstructure of the cross section of the strip, we found the characteristic solidified structure. The solidified structure consisted of three layers. Two solidified shells with a columnar dendrite structure grew from the roll surfaces toward the strip center. In the mid-thickness region, the band structure consisting of equiaxed dendrites and globular grains was observed between the solidified shells. Very fine primary particles were observed in the matrix near the strip surface, while, relatively coarse particles with blocky and needle-like shape were observed in the central band of the as-cast strip. The electric conductivity measurement was performed for the as-cast strips. Mn solubility in Al matrix was estimated from the obtained values. The estimated Mn solubility in the Al-2Mn-xSi strips was between 1.5 ~ 1.8wt% Mn. It was over 1.43wt%Mn for the Al-4Mn-xSi strips. We found that the Mn solubility of the as-cast strips was considerably high. The strips were cold-rolled to the sheets and then annealed at various conditions. They were subjected to the tensile tests, and the effects of solid solution hardening and dispersion hardening are discussed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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