MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 326, 2020The 17th International Conference on Aluminium Alloys 2020 (ICAA17)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Durability: Fatigue, Fracture, Corrosion & Surface Treatments|
|Published online||05 November 2020|
Effect of Cu and Mg on the corrosion behavior of 4004/Al-Mn-Cu-Mg-Si/4004 aluminum alloy brazing sheet
1 Suzhou Branch, Chinalco Materials Application Research Institute Co., Ltd., Suzhou 215026, China
2 Chinalco Materials Application Research Institute Co., Ltd., Beijing 102209, China
3 Northeast Light Alloy Co., Ltd., Harbin 150060, China
Higher strength and better corrosion resistance are necessary to enable the thickness reduction of the aluminum alloy brazing sheets. In this work, an age-hardenable Al-Mn-Cu-Mg-Si core alloy was developed by the addition of Mg, Si and Cu. The corrosion behavior of 4004/Al-Mn-Cu-Mg-Si/4004 aluminum alloy brazing sheet in sea water acidified accelerated test (SWAAT) was investigated and compared with the traditional 4004/3003/4004 aluminum alloy brazing sheet. The microstructure was characterized by optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). After brazing, it was found that the microstructures of two aluminum alloy brazing sheets from outer to the center were precipitate-free zone (PFZ), the band of dense precipitates (BDP) and core material, respectively. In particular, both Cu and Mg concentration gradients were formed in the BDP region of 4004/Al-Mn-Cu-Mg-Si/4004. Moreover, the SWAAT results showed exfoliation corrosion in 4004/Al-Mn-Cu-Mg-Si/4004, while in 4004/3003/4004, severe inter-granular corrosion in core material was observed after corrosion for 584 h. The theoretical electric potential distribution showed that the presence of Cu and Mg concentration gradient promoted the formation of the electric potential trough in the BDP region, which may be the reason for the occurrence of exfoliation corrosion in 4004/Al-Mn-Cu-Mg-Si/4004.
Key words: 4004/Al-Mn-Cu-Mg-Si/4004 / Aluminum alloy brazing sheet / Corrosion / Copper concentration gradient
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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