MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 322, 2020MATBUD’2020 – Scientific-Technical Conference: E-mobility, Sustainable Materials and Technologies
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||E-mobility, Sustainable Materials and Technologies|
|Published online||14 October 2020|
The influence of alkaline activator concentration on the apparent activation energy of alkali-activated materials
1 Cracow University of Technology, Institute of Materials Engineering, Faculty of MaterialsEngineering and Physics, Warszawska 24, 31-155 Kraków, Poland
2 SENVI Sustainability Consultants, Płocka 15, 01-231 Warszawa, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of this article is to analyse the changes of apparent activation energy (Ea) of alkali-activated materials (AAM) at temperatures up to 100°C. Apparent activation energy (Ea) refers to the minimum amount of energy is required for the occurrence of reaction. The existing AAM research is based on assumptions about Portland cement (OPC). A number of studies have been conducted on the development of concrete strength depending on, inter alia, the duration of seasoning and the liquid to solid ratio (L/S). Based on the apparent activation energy and taking into account the effect of time and temperature at the same time, the physical and mechanical properties of OPC can also be predicted. The influence of the activator on the solidification process should also be taken into account for alkali-activated materials. This article shows the effect of changes in the concentration of the alkaline solution used in the AAM process on activation energy. The synthesized AAM material uses a solution based on water glass, sodium hydroxide, sand and volatile ash from the ‘Skawina’ coal-fired power plant (located in Skawina, Lesser Poland). The chemical composition of the material used is classified as class F ash. The concentration of the alkaline solution was 8M, 10M, 12M and 14M. The described research method was based on the use of thermistors with a negative temperature factor. It enabled prediction of the physical and mechanical properties of the materials tested. The results clearly indicate that this method can be used to determine the activation energy of the AAM. However, when determining apparent activation energy (Ea), the time and activation temperature of the binding processes of these types of materials should be taken into consideration.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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