MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 308, 20202019 8th International Conference on Transportation and Traffic Engineering (ICTTE 2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Intelligent Transportation and System Design|
|Published online||12 February 2020|
Impact of intelligent agents on the avoidance of spontaneous traffic jams on two-lane motorways
University of Wuppertal, School of Electrical, Information and Media Engineering, 42119 Wuppertal, Germany
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper approaches the evaluation of intelligent agents for the reduction and avoidance of spontaneous traffic jams, which arise without evident reason. Individual vehicles are regarded as intelligent agents that act autonomously. The basis of this work is the Nagel-Schreckenberg (NaSch) model. Its extensions by the velocity-dependent randomization (VDR) model and multiple lanes allow us to simulate realistic traffic and congestion situations on two-lane motorways. Our concept is applied to the model and analyzed by fundamental diagrams and the average velocity, for example. The results of this paper reveal that traffic congestions are avoided when using swarm intelligence in all vehicles since human behavior, especially misbehavior, is eliminated and the velocities determined by the intelligent vehicle are directly realized. Moreover, an amount of 30% of intelligent vehicles has a significantly positive impact on traffic flow.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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