MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 307, 2020International Conference on Materials & Energy (ICOME’17 and ICOME’18)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||10 February 2020|
Computational Study of Zigzag Spacer Design with Elliptical Cross-Section Filaments
School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering (SMME), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan.
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The large energy consumption of membrane desalination process has encouraged researchers to explore different spacer designs using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for maximizing permeate per unit of energy consumed. In previous studies of zigzag spacer designs, the filaments are modeled as circular cross sections in a two-dimensional geometry under the assumption that the flow is oriented normal to the filaments. In this work, we consider the 45° orientation of the flow towards the three-dimensional zigzag spacer unit, which projects the circular cross section of the filament as elliptical in a simplified two-dimensional domain. OpenFOAM was used to simulate the mass transfer enhancement in a reverse-osmosis desalination unit employing spiral wound membranes lined with zigzag spacer filaments. Properties that impact the concentration polarization and hence permeate flux were analyzed in the domain with elliptical filaments as well as a domain with circular filaments to draw suitable comparisons. The range of variation in characteristic parameters across the domain between the two different configurations is determined. It was concluded that ignoring the elliptical projection of circular filaments to the flow direction, can introduce significant margin of error in the estimation of mass transfer coefficient.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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