MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 305, 20209th International Symposium on Occupational Health and Safety (SESAM 2019)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||17 January 2020|
The use of numerical models as a modern tool in fire investigation
National Institute for Research and Development in Mine Safety and Protection to Explosion – INSEMEX Petroşani, 32-34 G-ral. Vasile Milea Street, Petroşani, 332047, Romania
2 University of Petroşani, 20 Universităţii Street, Petroşani, 332006, Romania
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Investigating the fire type events is characterized by a high degree of complexity, due to the fact that it has to find answers to aspects coming from multidisciplinary fields: technical-scientific, legal, organizational, psychological, etc. The management of the findings, the analyzed samples, and the resulting data implies a series of complex activities, based on the use of advanced procedures and techniques.
Fire investigation aims to determine the source of ignition and all the components that contribute to define the cause of the fire, to assess the motivations of the involved persons and to decipher the mechanism of heat transfer or burning processes that describes the propagation and development of a fire.
Often, in order to understand the mechanism of the pyrogenic phenomenon, the following approaches are used in the current practice: technical-scientific expertises, reconstruction of the event on the field or in the laboratory, sample analysis, and, last but not least, computer simulations.
This paper aims to highlight the role of the numerical models used in the field of fire safety, respectively in the elaboration of the post-event, technical-scientific expertises, by presenting some results obtained from the computer simulations, used to substantiate the fire mechanism and to formulate the conclusions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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