MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 289, 2019Concrete Solutions 2019 – 7th International Conference on Concrete Repair
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||28 August 2019|
A fresh look at depolarisation criteria for cathodic protection of steel reinforcement in concrete
School of Chemistry, Birmingham University, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
2 Vector Corrosion Technologies Ltd, 27a Upper High Street, Cradley Heath, West Midlands B64 5HX, UK
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Criteria for the successful application of cathodic protection (CP) for steel reinforced concrete have been fixed for decades and form part of ISO EN12696. The most used criterion is the achievement of 100 mV depolarization over a period not exceeding 24 hours after discontinuation of the applied current. Although more empirical than theoretically based, the criterion has served the CP industry well. It does, however, exclude any systems that may not always achieve that level of depolarization but have been shown to offer adequate protection, and so there is a need to explore ways of assessing depolarisation data more effectively. On a fundamental level, non-linear polarisation, as described by the Butler Volmer equation, relates corrosion rate to polarisation for a given applied current density and shows that at low current densities, estimated corrosion rates can be shown to be still insignificant at less than 100 mV polarisations. This paper explores the use of non-linear polarisation as an additional supportive criterion based on the measured 24-hour depolarisation level for a known applied current density and tests its applicability in the laboratory and in the field. It speculates that a reducing apparent corrosion current density trend in combination with a depolarised potential moving in a more noble direction is likely to be a suitable alternative criterion, where 100 mV depolarisation is not achieved.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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