MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 284, 201929th International Conference on Structural Failures
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Geotechnical Causes of Structural Failures|
|Published online||10 July 2019|
Discontinuous terrain deformation - forecasting and consequences of their occurrence for building structures
Silesian University of Technology, Department of Structural Engineering, 44-100 Gliwice, Polska
* Corresponding author: Leszek.Szojda@polsl.pl
The paper is devoted to the influence of mining origin discontinuous deformations of on buildings. In the first part the forms of deformations, their classification, examples and reasons of their formation is discussed. It is supplemented with other classification (cited from literature) related to risk for buildings with regard to the type and intensity of deformation. In the next part, examples of damages of three various buildings located in zones of faults and sinkholes. They were: simple detached house, multi-storey and hall buildings. All of them were the subject of expertizes prepared by the authors. The type of influences and the nature of damages are illustrated with photographs and discussed. In the last part the threats due to the nature of the buildings – their height and size – are discussed. The influence of the location of deformation edge (fault, sinkhole, terrain step) in relation to the object is shortly analyzed. Examples of normal stress distribution in subsoil obtained in numerical calculations have been briefly presented. Some attention have been also paid on protection methods and their effectiveness.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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