MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 283, 2019The 2nd Franco-Chinese Acoustic Conference (FCAC 2018)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||28 June 2019|
Performance assessment of a small-size ocean wave energy harvester
1 Acoustic Science and Technology Laboratory, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, 150001, China
2 IEMN UMR8520, Université de Lille, CNRS, Ecole Centrale de Lille, ISEN, Université de Valenciennes, Lille, France
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
A lightweight electromechanical device is studied to harvest energy of ocean waves and supply electrical power to small-size ocean observation equipment such as sonobuoys. It is composed of a magnet fixed to the floating housing which follows the motion of the ocean surface and a moving coil connected to the case via a flexible spring. As the floating housing follows the vertical motion of water surface, a voltage is induced in the coil due to relative velocity between the coil and the magnet, and kinetic energy of the ocean wave is converted into electrical energy. Full bridge rectifying circuit and smoothing capacitor are used to convert AC voltage to constant voltage. Single degree of freedom electromechanical model of the prototype transducer (LGT-4.5 geophone) is developed and simulated with an electrical circuit software to predict energy harvesting performance. Vibration experiments are also performed with a shaker to validate transducer model and quantify output voltage. Parametric analysis is conducted to identify optimal choice of capacitance in terms of maximum stored energy and minimum charging time. This device is simple and small size relative to ocean wavelength compared to classical linear permanent magnetic generator used in offshore power plant. Its power generation per unit weight is compared to larger scale ocean energy converters.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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