MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 282, 20194th Central European Symposium on Building Physics (CESBP 2019)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||06 September 2019|
Evaluating the potential of freeze-thaw damage in internally insulated masonry under climate change using different models
1 Ph.D. Student, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada and Research Assistant, National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, CA ; firstname.lastname@example.org; Sahar.Sahyoun@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca
2 Associate Professor, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada ; Hua.Ge@concordia.ca
3 Associate Research Officer; Construction Research Centre, National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, CA ; Maurice.Defo@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca
4 Senior Research Officer and Team lead, Façade Systems and Products, Construction Research Centre, National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, CA ; Michael.Lacasse@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca
To mitigate the effects of climate change, higher insulation levels in buildings are mandated by the National Energy Code for Buildings. However, increased insulation levels within building envelopes may lead to a greater risk of moisture problems. With a changing climate, higher rainfall intensity, stronger winds and more storms are expected, which may increase wind-driven rain loads on façade and risks for rain penetration damages of building envelopes. This paper aims to present results of the effects of climate change on the freeze-thaw damage risk of internally insulated brick masonry walls of buildings in different Canadian cities, using different freeze-thaw models. Freeze-thaw damage was evaluated using different freeze-thaw models. Simulations were performed using DELPHIN 5.9.4. Results showed potential risk to freeze-thaw in Montreal and Vancouver after retrofit. Under climate change, Winnipeg has the lowest risk to frost damage, though damage functions showed an increase in the level of severity. Comparing the results of different models under a changing climate, the damage functions seemed in a good agreement for most of the cases, except for the Indicative Freeze-Thaw Cycles (IFTC) evaluated in St-Johns. This model counts the number of freeze-thaw cycles based on short duration of freezing and thawing and therefore does not consider longer freeze-thaw period.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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