MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 281, 2019International Conference of Engineering Risk (INCER 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Sustainable Development: Climate Change, Air and Water Pollution, Waste Treatment|
|Published online||21 May 2019|
Phytoremediation of Lebanese polluted waters: a review of current initiatives
1 Biology Department, Faculty of Sciences, Beirut Arab University, Debbieh, Lebanon
2 Plant Production Department, Faculty of Agronomy, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
3 Research Center for Environment and Development, Beirut Arab University, Bekaa, Lebanon
* Corresponding author:firstname.lastname@example.org
Water pollution is presently considered as a serious apprehension in Lebanon. Heavy contamination load of nutrients, heavy metals and organic pollutants can be highly harmful for human health and detrimental to aquatic life and ecosystems. Phytoremediation in natural and constructed wetlands using aquatic macrophytes present a sustainable plant-based technology recognized as a very efficient option in water treatment. The employment of species such as Phragmites, Sparganium, Lemna sp and other aquatic macrophytes not only helps in pollution cleanup but also conserves aquatic communities. To date, two pilot constructed wetlands, Litani River and Bcharreh have been established in Lebanon. These promising initiatives have been, however, accompanied with very limited research studies to examine the role of utilized plants and their efficiency in the remediation process. This paper presents an overview of the status of these initiatives and phytoremediation potential in Lebanon.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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