MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 280, 2019The 5th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment (ICSBE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Livable Rural and Urban Environment|
|Published online||08 May 2019|
Architecture of Surau and Its Role in Minangkabau Society: the Case of Surau Lubuak Bauak Nagari Batipuah Baruah, West Sumatra
Departement of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia
Rumah gadang and surau are two important vernacularbuildings of Minangkabau society and their architecture reflect the cultureof Minangkabau society and harmony with nature. As part of thematrilineal culture of Minangkabau, women own the house and youngboys have to live and learn in surau owned by the clans. Surau is the centerof the activities of the Minangkabau boys and functions not only as a placeof worship, but also as a place of Islamic and informal education. As partof merantau culture in Minangkabau or leaving home for a certain amountof time to gain experience and make some fortune, activities in surau alsoprepare those boys to be independent. It is the aim of this paper is toanalyze sustainable cultural and architectural values of the Minangkabausurau and how surau has sustained to function as a place of worship and asa center of Islam teaching. Although the function of surau as the place foryoung boys’ activities and get education fade with the spread modernityand changes in Minangkabau society, the sustainability of surau means sustaining Minangkabau culture.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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