MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 276, 2019International Conference on Advances in Civil and Environmental Engineering (ICAnCEE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||15 March 2019|
Experimental study on the properties of highperformance concrete made with class C fly ash
Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This experimental study presents the properties of highperformance concrete (HPC) made by partially replacing type I Portland cement (OPC) with class C fly ash (CFA). The purpose of this study is to examine, with hydration time, the development of the compressive strength, the splitting tensile strength and the permeability of HPC utilizing different quantity of CFA. Four HPC mixtures, C1, C2, C3, and C4, were made by utilizing respectively 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% of CFA as replacement of OPC, by weight. One control mixture, C0, was made with 0% CFA. The mix proportion of HPC was 1.00 binder: 1.67 fine aggregate: 2.15 coarse aggregate with water to binder ratio 0.32. In each mixture, it was added 5% silica fume and 0.6% superplasticizer of the weight of the binder. Tests of HPC properties were realized at the age of 1, 3, 7, 28, and 90 days. The results indicate that CFA used to partially replace OPC in HPC shows adequate cementitious and pozzolanic properties. The compressive strength and the splitting tensile strength of HPC increase while the permeability coefficient decreases with increasing hydration time. It is found that the optimum replacement of OPC with CFA is 10%, however the replacement up to 20% is still acceptable to produce HPC having practically similar harden properties with control mixture. At this optimum replacement and after 90 days of hydration, the compressive strength, the splitting tensile strength and the permeability coefficient can reach 68.9 MPa, 8.3 MPa and 4.6 E-11 cm/sec respectively. These results are 109%, 101%, and 48% respectively of those of control mixture.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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