MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 274, 2019RICON17 - REMINE International Conference Valorization of Mining and other Mineral Wastes into Construction Materials by Alkali-Activation
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Functional AAM for Artistic, Architectural and Historical Heritage Restoration|
|Published online||22 February 2019|
Portland versus alkali-activated cement wall panels containing mine tailing as aggregate: one-story house thermal performance simulation in a Brazilian and Portuguese hot and humid climate
Department of Civil Eng., CEFET-MG, Av. Amazonas, 7675, Belo Horizonte, 30510-000, Brazil
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Alkali-activated materials (AAM) compared to Portland cement (PC) may significantly reduce the carbon dioxide emissions, as well as the consumption of non-renewable natural resources in civil engineering applications. Further environmental advantages are possible if natural aggregates used for mortars and concretes are replaced with residues and wastes from industrial or mining activities. This paper compares the performance of PC with AAM as binders in cementitious wall panels for external cladding in hot and humid climate. Three different cementitious matrices are proposed, consisting of either 100% Portland cement (PC), 100% alkali-activated metakaolin (MK) or 80/20 alkali-activated Metakaolin/Blastfurnace slag (80/20 MK/BFS). Mortars were produced with the addition of tailing from iron-ore mining activities in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, at an aggregate to binder ratio of 1.0 for all matrices. The thermal property determined for the three mortars was Thermal Conductivity using a heat flow meter (HFM) apparatus according to ISO 8301 (1999); their apparent density was also measured. After that, one-story house building simulation was carried out using the Energy Plus Software. The main room annual operative temperature provided by different panels used as cladding was compared to the adaptive comfort range established on ASHRAE Standard 55/2013 for a Brazilian and Portuguese hot and humid climate. According to the Climate Zone Definitions of ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 169/2006, Belo Horizonte (Brazil) and Funchal (Portugal) were selected as a sample of 2A zone that presents a hot and humid climate. Partial results of this research were presented in this paper. Results show that building simulations can effectively contribute to validate the selection of materials in the production of sustainable wall panels that provide suitable thermal conditions to the users in hot and humid climate.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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