MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 268, 2019The 25th Regional Symposium on Chemical Engineering (RSCE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Materials and Processing|
|Published online||20 February 2019|
Composites polyvinyl alcohol filled with nanocellulose from oil palm waste by formic acid hydrolysis
Department of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, University of Syiah Kuala, Jln. Tgk Syech Abdur Rauf no.7 Darussalam, Banda Aceh, 23111, Inonesia
2 School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, 11800, Malaysia
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Composites polyvinyl alcohol filled with nanocellulose from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) and oil palm fronds (OPF) have investigated. Nanocellulose prepared by formic acid 50 wt%. Functional groups and degree of crystalline of nanocellulose were analyzed by FTIR and XRD. The degree of crystalline nanocellulose presented at 2θ at intensity of 22.26 and 21.86 for OPEFB and OPF. Amorphous part of nanocellulose at intensity of 14.68 and 15.86 for OPEFB and OPF. Functional group of nanocellulose give the same pattern for OPEFB and OPF. Nanocellulose reinforce in polyvinyl alcohol as many as 1, 5, 10 and 20% and as a comparison with polyvinyl alcohol without filler. Eight of composite films and one of vinyl alcohol film have studied mechanical properties such as tensile strength and elongation at break, and also functional groups. The tensile strength of OPF 5% and 10% increased than polyvinyl alcohol matrix. Tensile strength OPEFB 10% slightly increase from polyvinyl alcohol. The elongation of composites both OPEFB and OPF decreased with increased of nanocellulose loading.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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