MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 268, 2019The 25th Regional Symposium on Chemical Engineering (RSCE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Biochemical and Biomedical Engineering|
|Published online||20 February 2019|
Development of noninvasive method of measuring copper and zinc by passive diffusion: an in vitro model
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Santo Tomas, España Boulevard, Manila 1008, Philippines
2 Research Center for the Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Santo Tomas, España Boulevard, Manila 1008, Philippines
3 Center for Advanced Sensor Technology, University of Maryland Baltimore County, MD, USA 21250
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
There has been increasing interest in the determination of essential or toxic elements in human body fluids in relation to health and nutrition. The human body is composed of almost every natural element found in nature. This includes copper and zinc that are both essential if obtained at a right amount and toxic when exceeds. This study aims to develop a noninvasive method for measuring trace amounts of copper and zinc by passive diffusion. A cellulose acetate membrane was used as a model representing human skin. Different amount of permeant concentration of copper and zinc solutions such as 0.1, 0.5, and 1mM were placed inside the membrane and the samples were collected and analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. The amount of copper and zinc diffusing shows proportionality with time. The permeability and steady state flux were computed. Permeability of -2.39×10-7 cm/s and 6.67×10-7 cm/s were computed for copper at 0.1 mM and 0.5 mM concentrations respectively and 3.11×10-7, 4.61×10-7 and 1.75×10-6 cm/s were computed for zinc at 1, 0.5 and 0.1 mM permeant concentrations respectively. For steady state flux, the values computed are 1.22×10-3, 9.03×10-4 and 6.84×10-4 µM/cm2min for zinc at 1, 0.5 and 0.1 mM respectively and -7.84×10-4 and 1.27×10-3 µM/cm2min for copper at 0.5 and 0.1 mM permeant concentrations. The values gathered are all acceptable taking into the account previous studies regarding skin diffusions. This method presents a noninvasive alternative method to track copper and zinc trends.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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