MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 256, 2019The 5th International Conference on Mechatronics and Mechanical Engineering (ICMME 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Material Analysis and Applied Mechanics|
|Published online||23 January 2019|
Development and Validation of an Occupant Biomechanical Model for the Aortic Injury Analysis under Side Impacts
1 College of Mechatronics and Control Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, P. R. China
2 College of Urban Transportation and Logistics, Shenzhen Technology University, Shenzhen 518118, Guangdong, P. R. China
Traumatic rupture of the aorta (TRA) is one of the leading causes of death in side impacts. However, the injury mechanism of TRA is still not clear now. In this study, an occupant biomechanical model for the aortic injury study was presented. The anatomical structures and mechanical characteristics of the thoracic organs, especially the cardiac aortic system, were replicated as precise as possible. Through model validations against the Post Mortem Human Subjects (PMHS) tests, good agreements were achieved between them in terms of the aortic strain, stress and deflection responses and injury distributions. Moreover, it was found that the injury mechanisms of the aorta under pure left side impact and oblique left side impact were different. In pure left side impact, the peri-isthmic region and descending aorta presented higher risks of TRA. In oblique left side impact, the TRA risk in aortic boot was higher than in other regions. The biomechanical model presented in this study could be of use to both the injury mechanism study of TRA as well as the design of occupants’ safety countermeasures involving aortic injuries in side impacts.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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