MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 255, 2019Engineering Application of Artificial Intelligence Conference 2018 (EAAIC 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Smart Manufacturing and Industrial 4.0|
|Published online||16 January 2019|
Feature selection tree for automated machinery fault diagnosis
Institute of Noise and Vibration, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Intelligent machinery fault diagnosis commonly utilises statistical features of sensor signals as the inputs for its machine learning algorithm. Due to the abundance of statistical features that can be extracted from raw signals and the accuracy of inserting all the available features into the machine learning algorithm for machinery fault classification, less accurate fault classification may inadvertently result due to overfitting issues. It is therefore only by selecting the most representative features that overfitting outcomes can be avoided and classification accuracy be improved. Currently, the genetic algorithm (GA) is regarded as the most commonly used and reliable feature selection tool for the improvement of accuracy for any machine learning algorithm. However, the greatest challenge for GA is that it may fall into a local optima and be computationally demanding. To overcome this limitation, a feature selection tree (FST) is here proposed. Numerous experimental dataset feature selections were executed using FST and GA; their performance is compared and discussed. Analysis showed that the proposed FST resulted in identical or superior optimal feature subsets when compared to the renowned GA method, but with a 20-time faster simulation period. The proposed FST is therefore more efficient in performing feature selection task than GA.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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