MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 235, 2018Horizons of Railway Transport 2018, 10th Year of International Scientific Conference
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||21 November 2018|
Investigation Of Methanol Utilization In Ci Engines
Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), Department of Energy Engineering 1111 Műegyetem rkp. 3-7, Budapest, Hungary
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The decrease in the fossil fuel resources and more rigid emission standards make the necessity to look for new fuels and technologies. One of the possible fuels can be the different alcohols. The oxygen content of the alcohols can improve the combustion process and reduce the emission rates of incomplete combustion products. The blending methanol (M) and ethanol (E) with diesel fuel is limited by separation. This article shows the research results and analysis of two typical solutions. First are blends of stabilized rape seed methyl ester (RME) to prevent the phase separation. The tests are carried out on a conventional TDI engine (VW 1Z) at different speeds and loads. Experimental results indicate that the addition of 10% methanol to 80% Diesel and 30% of FAME blend increased the unburned hydrocarbon (THC) with 60%, decreased CO emission with near 4% and the particulate emission (PM) with near 30%, the NOx emissions were near the same. The other technology is the dual fuel method. In this case, different amount of methanol is injected into the intake manifold. The tests are carried out with a conventional DI engine (IVECO AIFO 8031) at constant speeds and different loads and energy ratios. Experimental results indicate that the increase of energy ratio of the methanol at full load decreased NOx emission with up to 60% and the particulate emission (PM) up to 90%, while the CO and THC emissions increased extremely mainly at part loads.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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