MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 225, 2018UTP-UMP-VIT Symposium on Energy Systems 2018 (SES 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Fundamental and Applied Thermal Energy|
|Published online||05 November 2018|
Effects of Diesel-Biodiesel Blends in Diesel Engine Single Cylinder on the Emission Characteristic
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Pekan, Pahang 26600 Malaysia
2 Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Serambi Mekah Aceh 23249, Indonesia
3 Department of Chemistry, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
4 Northern Technical University, Iraq
5 Tikrit University, Iraq
Biodiesel is an alternative fuel that is used in a diesel engine as a substitute for diesel fuel. However, using biodiesel without a modified engine can cause higher NOx emissions. Therefore, to reduce harmful emissions some strategy must be proposed or or a change in the injection is performed. In this study, injection schemes and engine performance injection time, emissions and firing characteristics of biodiesel mixing results in engines were investigated by using GT-POWER simulation. The simulations in this study were conducted on diesel engines to observe the accuracy in experimental results . The engines were tested at speeds of 1100 rpm, 1300 rpm, and 1500 rpm by using a biodiesel-diesel fuel mixture. The simulation results showed that NOx emissions were found to drop below 100 ppm when biodiesel fuel was used for all performed operations. Meanwhile CO emissions were also decreased by 10%-15% when biodiesel fuel was used, and the thermal efficiency level increased by 2% and 3.5% as compared to pure diesel. The ratio of NOx reduction rates of biodiesel and diesel was 11%-14% as compared to 9.5% with pure diesel. Based on the simulation result, it was shown that the accuracy level of simulation data with experiment was 97%. So this result can be the future testing standard and simulation by using GT-POWER could also be used especially for the automotive industry.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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