MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 214, 20182018 2nd International Conference on Information Processing and Control Engineering (ICIPCE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Electronic Information Technology and Control Engineering|
|Published online||15 October 2018|
Toward Wearable EEG-based Alertness Detection System Using SVM with Optimal Minimum Channels
Tianjin Key Laboratory of Information Sensing & Intelligent Control, School of Automation and Electrical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin, 300222, P. R. China
Alertness is the state of attention by high sensory awareness. A lack of alertness is one of the main reasons of serious accidents. Traffic accidents caused by driver’s drowsy driving have a high fatality rate. This paper presents an EEG-based alertness detection system. In order to ensure the convenience and long-term wearing comfort of EEG recordings, the wearable electrode cap will be the principal choice in the future, and the selection of channels will be limited. We first built a 3-D simulated driving platform using Unity3D. Then, we perform an experiment with driving drift task. EEG signals are recorded form frontal and occipital regions. We select data segments using the driving reaction time, classify the state of alertness with a support vector machine (SVM), and select the optimal combination of channels with minimum number of channels. Our results demonstrate that alertness can be classified efficiently with one channel (PO6) at accuracy of 93.52%, with two channels (FP1+PO6) at 95.85% and with three channels (FP1+PO6+PO5 and FP1+PO6+POZ) at 96.11%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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