MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 212, 20182018 International Scientific Conference “Investment, Construction, Real Estate: New Technologies and Special-Purpose Development Priorities” (ICRE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||New materials, Structures and Technologies for Construction in Specific Conditions of Siberia and the Far East|
|Published online||15 October 2018|
Mathematical model of thermal processes in a biogas plant
Kabardino-Balkarian State Agrarian University, 360030, Tolstoy str., 185, Nalchik, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
One of the promising areas of processing poultry and livestock waste is anaerobic digestion, which helps to prevent pollution of the natural environment, as well as to receive processing products such as gaseous fuel, biogas and highly effective biofertilizer. The use of plants for the production of biological gas as alternative sources of energy is largely determined by its design characteristics and the worked out technological regimes. The study was conducted with the aim of obtaining data on the effect of the main parameters of the biogas plant and the heat exchanger-agitator on the quality of its operation. This paper considers the thermal processes taking place in the biogas plant in which the mixing device and the heating element are combined into one unit, which allows heating and maintaining the given temperature regime more evenly due to the rotation of the heat exchanger and the transfer of biomass heat throughout the whole volume of the methane. As a result of theoretical studies of the processes of heat exchange and heat transfer taking place in the biogas plant, a mathematical model has been obtained that allows determining the distribution of the temperature of the biomass throughout the entire volume of the methane. It is established that the theoretical temperature homogeneity of the stirred medium is achieved by combining the heat exchanger and the mixing device into one unit, the design and technological parameters of which characterize the intensity of the forced motion of fermentable manure, while changing the value of thermal conductivity.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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