MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 199, 2018International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (ICCRRR 2018)
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Concrete Materials Technology|
|Published online||31 October 2018|
Properties of Western Cape Concretes with Metakaolin
CoMSIRU, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Cape Town, South Africa
A global demand for affordable, sustainable, and durable concrete has resulted in growing use of Supplementary Cementitious Materials (SCMs). In the Western Cape Province of South Africa, the readily available SCM is Granulated Ground Corex Slag (GGCS), although fly ash can also be obtained. However, the availability of these SCMs, particularly GGCS, is subject to market and other extraneous factors, and this may render them vulnerable as sources of SCM for concrete. This points to the need for innovation and investigating other potential SCMs which are economically and environmentally effective. Metakaolin, a high-grade type of calcined clay, emerges as a possible potential future SCM in the Western Cape. This study aimed at investigating the influence of a locally available metakaolin on mechanical (compressive and tensile strength), and durability (concrete penetrability and potential to mitigate Alkali Silica Reaction (ASR)) properties of Western Cape concrete. In comparison to GGCS, concretes with metakaolin showed superior performance in both mechanical and durability properties. This was attributed to its role in concrete in terms of accelerating hydration reactions, pozzolanic activity, and dilution effect. Metakaolin can therefore be regarded as a beneficial substitute for GGCS in Western Cape concrete. However, questions that remain include cost-effectiveness, and the awareness and willingness of industry to incorporate this material.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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