MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 199, 2018International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (ICCRRR 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Alkali Silica Reaction|
|Published online||31 October 2018|
Effectiveness of Silane to Mitigate Alkali-Silica Reaction in a Historical Bridge
Department of Civil Engineering, 238 Harbert Engineering Center, Auburn University, Alabama 36849, U.S.A.
2 Ellinwood and Machado, LLC, 800 Lambert Drive, Suite H, Atlanta, Georgia 30324, U.S.A.
3 Tennessee Valley Authority, 1101 Market Street, MR4B-C, Chattanooga, Tennessee 37402, U.S.A.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is a detrimental reaction in concrete that may lead to severe expansion and cracking in structures. The Bibb Graves Bridge is a reinforced concrete bridge that was constructed in 1931, and is located in Wetumpka, Alabama, U.S.A. Both arches of Span 5 have severe cracking and surface deposits caused by ASR. In order to mitigate ASR, a silane-based surface sealer was applied to Spans 4 and 5 of this bridge. The goal of this mitigation procedure was to decrease the internal relative humidity of the ASR-affected concrete to less than 80 percent so that continued ASR-related expansions do not occur. After the execution of the mitigation procedure, the internal relative humidity, concrete expansion, and new crack development in the bridge were monitored for 35 months to evaluate the effectiveness of the mitigation procedure. Analysis of these data revealed few signs of decreasing relative humidity or decreased expansion rates in the ASR-affected concrete. It is concluded that the silane sealer was ineffective and alternative mitigation options should be considered.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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