MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 199, 2018International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (ICCRRR 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Concrete Deteriorating Mechanisms and Prediction of Durability|
|Published online||31 October 2018|
Perpendicular-to-crack chloride ingress in cracked and autonomously healed concrete
Magnel Laboratory for Concrete Research, Department of Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Ghent University, Tech Lane Ghent Science Park, Campus A, Technologiepark Zwijnaarde 904, B-9052 Zwijnaarde, Belgium
2 Strategic Initiative Materials (SIM), Tech Lane Ghent Science Park, Campus A, Technologiepark Zwijnaarde 935, B-9052 Zwijnaarde, Belgium
* Corresponding author: Bjorn.VanBelleghem@UGent.be
Cracks in reinforced concrete structures exposed to a marine environment or de-icing salts can cause major durability issues due do accelerated ingress of chloride ions. In this study, the influence of autonomous crack healing by means of encapsulated polyurethane on the chloride ingress perpendicular to cracks was evaluated. This was done quantitatively by determining perpendicular-to-crack chloride profiles by means of profile grinding followed by potentiometric titration and qualitatively through visualization of the chloride penetration front by means of the AgNO3 spray method. The resulting chloride profiles showed that the healing mechanism was able to reduce the chloride concentrations in the direct vicinity of the crack to a large extent and to reduce the perpendicular-to-crack chloride penetration, especially further away from the exposed surface. Visualization of the chloride penetration front showed some variation in crack healing. For some healed samples almost no additional chloride ingress was found compared to uncracked samples, others showed a slightly enhanced ingress at the crack location but less perpendicular-to-crack chloride penetration compared to untreated cracked samples. Generally, the reduced amount of chlorides present in the concrete matrix due to crack healing will enhance the durability and service life of concrete structures.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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