MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 197, 2018The 3rd Annual Applied Science and Engineering Conference (AASEC 2018)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||12 September 2018|
Effects of alkanolamide addition on cure characteristics, crosslink density and tensile properties of carbon-black-filled styrene-butadiene rubber compounds
Universitas Sumatera Utara, Department of Chemical Engineering, Medan, 20155, Indonesia
2 Universitas Sumatera Utara, Sustainable Energy and Biomaterial Center of Excellence, Faculty of Engineering, Medan, 20155, Indonesia
3 Universiti Sains Malaysia, School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Engineering Campus, 14300, Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
By using a semi-efficient sulphur vulcanisation system, the effects of alkanolamide (ALK) addition on cure characteristics, crosslink density and tensile properties of carbon black (CB)-filled styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) compounds were investigated. The ALK was prepared from Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Stearin and diethanolamine and added into the CB-filled SBR compounds. The ALK loadings were 1.0, 3.0, 5.0 and 7.0 phr. It was found that ALK decreased the scorch and cure times of the CB-filled SBR compounds. ALK also improved the tensile modulus and tensile strength; especially up to a 5.0 phr of loading. The crosslink density measurement proved that the 5.0 phr of ALK exhibited the highest degree of crosslink density which caused the highest in tensile modulus and tensile strength. Due to its plasticity effect, ALK increased the elongation at break of the CB-filled SBR vulcanisates.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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