MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 195, 2018The 4th International Conference on Rehabilitation and Maintenance in Civil Engineering (ICRMCE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||22 August 2018|
Evaluation of sediment management for two large reservoirs in Lombok island
Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Mataram
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sedimentation is an important issue in reservoir rehabilitation and maintenance. This problem is worsened by seasonal water scarcity as a characteristic of arid catchments. Worldwide loss of storage capacity due to sedimentation is much higher than the increase of capacity by the construction of new reservoirs. Further, sedimentation hinders the safe operation of not only shallow reservoirs but also deep reservoirs by means of turbidity currents which sporadically transport large volumes of sediments down to the dams. This study analyses the real case of Pengga reservoir and Batujai reservoir located in Central Indonesia. Selected sediment management alternatives were analysed and evaluated based on technical, social and environmental criteria. Evaluation of sediment management alternatives was conducted by utilising the REServoir CONservation (RESCON) tool. Results showed that, first, both flushing techniques and hydrosuction are feasible whereas dredging and trucking are not. Secondly, the flushing technique outweighs the Hydrosuction Sediment Removal (HSRS) method. Thirdly, application of the HSRS method in both reservoirs shares one thing in common, i.e. it requires an appropriate combination of the number of suction pipes as well as minimum suction pipe diameters. Lastly, there are some differences in the details of implementation of the flushing technique to both reservoirs.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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