MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 193, 2018International Scientific Conference Environmental Science for Construction Industry – ESCI 2018
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Environmentally Friendly Architecture Design|
|Published online||20 August 2018|
Construction of atrium in the Tula Kremlin: history, background and opportunities
Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, 4, 2nd Krasnoarmeiskaya st., 190005, St. Petersburg, Russia
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The possibility of partial renovation of the historical center of Tula – Tula Kremlin is discussed. The formation of atrium space in the North-Western part of the Kremlin is considered. This conversion recreates the lost historical integrity of the ancient ensemble and creates new possibilities of use of the historic center of the ancient Russian town. Initially, the urban space of the Tula Kremlin was limited by a wall, but with the lapse of time, the city went beyond that boundary. Initially, the Kremlin had all the fullness of urban functions, but the majority of these functions have been gradually lost, it evolved primarily in a large public center, and nowadays it has become an object of museum-tourist destination. The concept of "Kremlin" includes as a mandatory component outlined urban space, formation of which complies its own laws in the interaction of many different factors: system of spatial and visual relations, temples, city gates and towers. The reconstruction of historic integrity of ancient ensembles was begun within the framework of the Federal State Program, possible ways of its recovery are considered.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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